Canada is a vast country stretching from the USA in the south, and up into the Arctic Circle in the north. Divided into ten provinces and three regions, it is the third largest country in the world and has two official languages, English and French. Its landscape is dominated by mountains, forests and the tundra. It is very sparsely populated with the majority of people living near the southern border. Its largest cities are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver. As you'd expect in such a large land mass, there is considerable variance in weather conditions.